1. Medical shock is defined as an insufficient amount of what reaching the cells and organs?
[b. oxygen] Oxygen is the fuel of the body, and needs to be delivered to all cells and organs. If oxygen levels drop, shock develops which can lead to organ failure and and possible death.
2. Which of the following is usually NOT considered to be a symptom of a heart attack?
[c. pain in the legs] The common symptoms of heart attack include shortness of breath, chest pain, loss of color, dizziness, and nausea. Pain in the legs is usually not part of this list.
3. The most critical time period following the start of heart attack symptoms is?
[b. 2 hours] The most important time is immediately after recognizing symptoms. Most people die within 3-5 hours of their heart attack.
4. What is one thing that should NOT be done to help a person in shock?
[c. give them cold water to drink] The general rule is "Give Nothing by Mouth" to a person in shock. This is because the digestive system may shut down, and the person could choke from the fluids. If thirst is a complaint, provide a small amount of water on the person's lips.
5. A printer falls off the desk and severely cuts the arm of the user. What is the best way to immediately control the bleeding?
[c. apply direct pressure over the wound] Proper first aid involves stopping the flow of blood, and this is best managed by applying direct pressure over the cut. Use a clean dry material, such as non-absorbant gauze, if available. If not available, another temporary method and barrier can be used - including one's own hand if you are victim.
6. What is the most common cause of a blocked airway in the unconscious person?
[c. tongue - their own] In an unconscious person, the airway is most commonly blocked because the head is leaning forward, and the tongue blocks the passageway to the lungs. The proper method of management (if no head/spine injury is suspected) is the "head-tilt, chin-lift" method.
7. You come across a person who may be experiencing a heart attack. One of the first things to do to help is:
[b. have the person sit down and "relax"] An important first step is to stop all activity. Heart problems are often made worse due to physical or emotional stress and strain. Driving oneself to hospital risks the life of oneself, and others, if unconsciousness occurs while in the drivers seat. If chest pain is present for more than 2-3 minutes, CALL EMS.
8. For the unconscious, breathing, heart attack victim, CPR should be started
[c. not at all] CPR is not required or appropriate for a person who is breathing. It is used only for a nonbreathing person. A trick question.
9. When calling for EMS assistance, it is important to give the following information
[c. both (a) and (b)] When calling for EMS, tell the operator everything you know and are doing. In fact, stay on the line until told to disconnect by the EMS operator.
10. Psychological stress begins to have its most disabling effects on people at what age
[b. 30-40 years] Current statistics indicate that the percent of injuries and illnesses associated with stress are: Under 30 yrs (24%); 30-40 yrs (30%), and 40-50 yrs (20%). One argument for why this occurs is that people aged 30-40 years are under the most pressure to establish themselves, family and career.